4 dham, 51 shaktipeeth, 12 jyotirling. Besides them, there are 108 DIVYA-DESHAM OF SHRI VISHNU about which common north-indians don't know. THESE SACRED PLACES( VARIOUS TEERTH STHALS AROUND THE BHAARTVARSH) ARE ONE OF THE THINGS WHICH BINDS OUR NATION IN A SINGLE THREAD. Besides the Divya Desams, there are also Abhimana Desams and Purana Desams, which are held as sacred shrines for the Srivaishnavites. The shrines where the divine saints Azhwars, said to be the Amsams of Sriman Narayanan, have sung - Mangalaasaasanam - are called Divya Desams. There are 108 Divya Desams, and of these 105 are located in India and 1in Nepal, the remaining two - Parama padam and Thiruppaarkadal - are in the celestial world. The presiding deities in these Divya Desams are found in various Thirukkolams (postures) Kidantha Thirukkolam (Sleeping posture) in 27 Divyadesams Veetrirundha Thirukkolam (Sitting posture) in 21 Divyadesams Nindra Thirukkolam (Standing posture) in 60 Divyadesams AZHWARS AND NAALAAYIRA DIVYA PRABHANDAM The Twelve Azhwars are: 1).POIGAI AZHWAR Period 7th Century AD (Kanchipuram) Other Names: Saro yogi, Kaasara yogi, Poigai piran, Padma muni, Kavinyaporeyer Year/Month: Sidharthi / Aippisi Birth Star: Tiruvonam Amsam : Panchajanya (Conch) 2).BHOOTHATH AZHWAR Period 7th Century AD (Mahabalipuram) Year/Month: Sidharthi / Aippisi Birth Star: Avittam Amsam: Kaumodakee (Mace) 3).PEI AZHWAR Period 7th Century AD (Mylapore) Other Names:… Kairava Muni, Mahadaahvayaae Year/Month: Sidharthi /Aippasi Birth Star: Sadayam Amsam: Nandhagam (Sword) \\Poigai Azhwar, Bhootath Azhwar and Pei Azhwar are collectively called as Mudhal Azhwars.\\ 4).TIRUMAZHISAI AZHWAR 7th Century AD (Thirumazhisai) Other Names: Bhakthi Sarar, Magisaarapuriswarar, Mazhisai piraan Year/ Month: Sidharthi / Thai Birth Star: Maham Amsam: Sudarsanam (Discus) 5).TIRUMANGAI AZHWAR 8th Century AD (Thiru Kurayalur) Other Names: Kaliyan, Aalinaadan, Naalu Kavi perumal, Parakaalan, Mangaiyarkone Year/ Month: Nala/ Karthigai Birth Star: Krithigai Amsam: Sarnga (Bow) 6). TONDARADIPODI AZHWAR 8th Century AD (Thirumandangudi) Other Names: Vipra Narayanar, Thiru Mandangudiyaar, Bhakthangirirenu, Palliunartthiya Piraan Year/Month: Prabhava/Margazhi Birth Star: Kettai Amsam: Vanamaalai (garland) 7). TIRUPPAN AZHWAR 8th Century AD (Uraiyur) Other Names: Paanar, Muni vaahanar, Yogi vaahanar, Kaveeswarar Year/Month: Dhurmathi/Karthigai Birth Star: Rohini Amsam: Srivatsam 8). KULASEKHARA AZHWAR 8th Century AD (Thirvanjikkolam) Other Names: Kollikkaavalan, Koodal Naayagan, Koyikone, Villavar Kone, Cheyralar Kone Year/Month: Prabhava/Maasi Birth Star: Punar Poosam Amsam: Kaustubham (Gem Necklace) 9). PERIYAAZHWAR 9th Century AD (Sri Villiputhur) Other Names: Vishnu Chittar, Patta Naadan, Bhattar Piraan, Sri Villiputthooraar, Sriranganaatha Svasoorar Year/Month: Krodhana/Aani Birth Star: Swathi Amsam: Garuda (Chariot/Vehicle) 10). SRI ANDAAL 9th Century AD (Sri Villiputhur) Other Names: Soodi Kodutha Naachiyaar, Kodai, Kodai Piraatti Year/Month: Nala/Aadi Birth Star: Pooram Amsam: Bhoodevi 11).NAMMAAZHWAR 9th Century AD Azhwar Thirunagari (Kurugoor) Other Names: Sadagopan, Paraankusan, Sadaari, Maaran, Vakulaaa Baranan, Kurugaiyar Kone Year/Month: Pramaadhi/Vaikasi Birth Star: Visakham Amsam: Viswaksenar (Commander of Army) 12). MADHURAKAVI AZHWAR 9th Century AD Thirukollur Other Names: Inkaviyaar, Azhwaarukku Adiyaan Year/Month: Eeswara / Chittirai Birth Star: Chittirai Amsam: Vainatheya (Garuda) DIVYA DESHAM are temples where Azhwars worshipped Lord Vishnu, as the presiding deity. Their divine hymns are popularly known as Nalayira Divya Prabantham. The Divya Prabandham is in the form of adoration of the deities of 108 temples (Divya Desams). The verses in simple Tamil explain what the Vedas, Upanishads and Vyasa's Brahmasutras say. It was the scholar-saint Nathamuni who, in the 10th century, retrieved and compiled this bhakti treasure, which is the pride of Tamil classical literature. The Sri Vaishnava guru parampara (inheritance order of the preceptors) is held to commence from Lord Sri Narayana himself, and to centre, rightly so, around Sri Nathamuni and his grandson Sri Yamunacharya. The Naalaayira Divya Prabhandam is classified as under: Mudal Aayiram or First Thousand contains 947 songs. It includes: Periyaazhwar Thirumozhi (473 songs) of Periazhwar, including Thiru Pallaandu. Tiruppaavai by Andal (30 songs) Naachiyaar Thirumozhi by Andal (143 Songs) Perumaal Thirumozhi by Kulasekhara Azhwar (105 songs) Thiruchanda Virutham by Tirumazhisai Azhwar (120 songs) Tirumaalai by Thondaradi Podiazhwar (45 songs) Tiruppalli Ezuchi by Thondaradi Podiazhwar (10 songs) Amalaanathi Piraan by Thirupaanazhwar (10 songs) Kanninum Siru Thaambu by Madhurakavi Azhwar (11 songs) Periya Thirumozhi or Greater Hyms contains 1134 songs, all sung by Thirumangai Azhwar. It is divided into Periya Thirumozhi (1084 songs), Thiru Kurun Thaandagam (20 songs) and Thiru Nedun Thaandagam (30 songs). ThiruvaaiMozhi or Divine Hyms were sung by Nammazhwar and faithfully written down by his disciple Madhurakavi Azhwar. It contains 1102 songs. Iyerpaa is the last division in the Divya Prabandam and contains the following: Mudal Thiruvandaadhi by Poigai Azhwar (100 songs) Irandaam Thiruvandaadhi by Bhootath Azhwar (100 songs) Moondraam Thiruvandaadhi by Pey Azhwar (100 songs) Naanmugan Thiruvandaadhi by Thirumazhisai Azhwar (96 songs) Thiru Virutham by Nammazhwar (100 songs) Thiru Vaasiriyam by Nammazhwar (7 songs) Periya Thiru Andaathi by Nammazhwar (87 songs) Thiruvezukootrirukkai by ThirumangaiAzhwar (1 song) Siriya Thirumadal by ThirumangaiAzhwar (40 songs) Periya Thirumadal by ThirumangaiAzhwar (78 songs) The last piece in the collection is Ramanuja Nootranthaathi (108 songs) of Amudhanar, and it was added to the text compiled by Naathamuni.