Homosexuality is indeed one of the most complex and controversial topics in Hinduism today. On one hand, the Manusmriti prohibits Hindus for homosexual acts and on the other hand, the famous Kama Sutra states that homosexuality should be engaged in and should be enjoyed for one's own pleasure. HOMOSEXUALITY & THE HINDU VIEWPOINT THE KAMASUTRA The famous Kama Sutra deals in great detail with eroticism, sex, different forms of sex and the different meanings of it. It was written around the 4th century AD and describes customs and social conditions prevalent from about the 4th century BCE. Majority of the erotic sculptures made on Hindu wall temples are depictions of various verses of the Kama Sutra. Lesbianism and male homosexuality has also been talked about in great detail. Specifically, chapter 9 of the Kama Sutra is dedicated to oral sex in general with the major part dealing with this particular activity between men. Interestingly enough Vatsyayana also mentions that some people “marry” (parigraha) members of their own sex and live together either openly or in secret. HOMOSEXUALITY & THE VEDAS Homosexuality is not mentioned very upfront in the Vedas but there are some interesting references to homo-eroticism. One is from the Kaushitaki Brahmana Upanishad 2:4 of the Rig Veda:— “Now then the intense longing of love stimulated by the gods. When one (m) desires to be loved (priya) by a man or a woman or by men and women, he shall offer to the above mentioned gods oblations in the sacred fire”. Based on the vedas, one of the temples also shows a rishi performing oral sex on a princely visitor. THE HINDU VIEWPOINT Till date, the word "homosexuality" has not been defined in the Hindu religion. Various words like kliba, ubhaya, napumsaka, or shanda are used to refer to homosexuals or heterosexuals who are sexually incapable. In this Hindu religion as a whole, sex revolves around heterosexuality and the concept of love and romance between a couple. Heterosexuality is regarded as the general norm and desirable orientation in Hinduism. The idea of a fruitful marriage remain the ultimate goal and is considered as a mandate for happiness. Hinduism does not view homosexuality as a religious sin. A “third gender” has been acknowledged within Hinduism since Vedic times. It is just that the concept of homosexuality is not clearly understood and considered by many in the Hindu religion. It can still not be said clearly if "Homosexuality" is accepted or rejected in the Hindu religion.